Decoding the Appraisal ProcessA home purchase can be the biggest investment many might ever encounter. It doesn't matter if it's a primary residence, an additional vacation home or an investment, purchasing real property is a complex financial transaction that requires multiple parties to see it through.
Most of the parties involved are very familiar. The most known person in the transaction is the real estate agent. Then, the lender provides the money needed to bankroll the transaction. The title company makes sure that all areas of the exchange are completed and that a clear title transfers from the seller to the purchaser.
So who's responsible for making sure the value of the real estate is in line with the amount being paid? In comes the appraiser. We provide an unbiased estimate of what a buyer could expect to pay - or a seller receive - for a parcel of real estate, where both buyer and seller are informed parties. A professional Indiana licensed appraiser from Dexter Appraisal Services will ensure you as an interested party are informed.
The inspection is where an appraisal beginsOur first task at Dexter Appraisal Services is to inspect the property to ascertain its true status. We must see features first hand, such as the number of bedrooms and bathrooms, the location, and so on, to ensure they really are there and are in the condition a reasonable person would expect them to be. The inspection often includes a sketch of the floor plan, ensuring the square footage is correct and illustrating the layout of the property. Most importantly, the appraiser looks for any obvious amenities - or defects - that would affect the value of the house.
Following the inspection, an appraiser employs two or three approaches when determining the value of real property: paired sales analysis and, in the case of a rental property, an income approach.
Cost ApproachThis is where the appraiser analyzes information on local building costs, labor rates and other elements to figure out how much it would cost to construct a property similar to the one being appraised. This figure often sets the maximum on what a property would sell for. It's also the least used predictor of value.
Analyzing Comparable SalesAppraisers become very familiar with the neighborhoods in which they work. We innately understand the value of particular features to the residents of that area. Then, the appraiser researches recent sales in close proximity to the subject and finds properties which are 'comparable' to the real estate in question. By assigning a dollar value to certain items such as upgraded appliances, extra bathrooms, an additional living area, quality of construction, lot size, we adjust the comparable properties so that they more accurately portray the features of subject.
Valuation Using the Income ApproachIn the case of income producing properties - rental houses for example - the appraiser may use a third way of valuing a property. In this situation, the amount of revenue the property produces is factored in with other rents in the area for comparable properties to derive the current value.
Arriving at a Value ConclusionCombining information from all applicable approaches, the appraiser is then ready to document an estimated market value for the property in question. The estimate of value at the bottom of the appraisal report is not always what's being paid for the property even though it is likely the best indication of a property's market value Prices can always be driven up or down by extenuating circumstances like the motivation or urgency of a seller or 'bidding wars'. Regardless, the appraised value is often employed as a guideline for lenders who don't want to loan a buyer more money than the property would likely sell for in an open marketplace. Here's what it all boils down to: An appraiser from Dexter Appraisal Services will guarantee you discover the most accurate property value, so you can make profitable real estate decisions.